Visit Islas Ballestas, Peru: Sea lions, penguins and pelicans, oh my!

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The Islas Ballestas are often nicknamed as Peru’s very own Galapagos Islands, and while I think this title is a bit farfetched, there is some pretty cool wildlife to experience on these islands.

Visit Islas Ballestas, Peru: Sea lions, penguins and pelicans, oh my!

Boats in the harbour in Paracas, Peru

Visiting Paracas, Peru

We stopped in Paracas (which is the jump off point for the islands) on our way down to Ica for the weekend. I was a bit worried about showing up without a reservation, but as it turns out, tours for the Ballestas Islands leave quite frequently especially on the weekends when both Limeños and international tourists choose to make the trip to the famed islands.

The main street in Paracas was lined with tour operators offering their services, but we ultimately walked into the boat terminal and booked everything there.

The Paracas Candelabra in Peru
The boat trip from Paracas to Islas Ballestas is 24 kilometers and it took us about 30 minutes to get there. Along the way we went past the Paracas Candelabra, a geoglyph that sits on a hill overlooking the water.

The Paracas Candelabra is 180 meters tall and it can be seen from a distance of up to 12 miles out at sea. The design is carved 2 feet into the ground, and it has been around for over 2000 years. Our guide explained that because of where the candelabra is positioned – on the north shore of the peninsula – the mysterious symbol is shielded from most of the wind. This combined with the arid climate and lack of rain means the Candelabra has been able to withstand the test of time.

Like most geoglyphs around the world, no one quite knows what purpose it served. Our guide shared a number of options including: a marker to guide ships towards the harbour, a symbol dedicated to the Argentine liberator José de San Martín, a representation of a hallucinogenic plant called Jimson weed, and of course, there was even mention of extraterrestrials. The truth is no one really knows.

But now on to the wildlife!

We got to see a lot of really cool animals on our tour of the Ballestas Islands. I was mistakenly under the impression that we would set foot on the islands, but the tour boats don’t actually disembark there. It makes sense considering the thousands of animals that make this place their home (I’m sure the sea lions wouldn’t appreciate 30 camera-totting tourists trying to snap their picture several times every hour), however, this also means that you have to appreciate them from a distance.

So what did we see?

Humboldt penguins in Islas Ballestas, Peru

Humboldt penguins looking rather dashing in their suits!

Starfish and sunfish in the Islas Ballestas, Peru

Sunfish, which are similar to starfish except with way more tentacles. I had never heard of these prior to visiting Islas Ballestas.

Sea lions lounging in the sun in Islas Ballestas, Peru

Sea lions lounging in the sun. It’s always nap time when you’re a sea lion.

Newborn sea lion pups in Islas Ballestas, Peru

It was birthing season so there were hundreds of sea lion pups. They are the ones that look a bit darker in colour.

There were also pelicans, cormorants, and Inca terns which have red beaks and red feet. I couldn’t get any close up shots of the terns, but you’ll have to trust me when I tell you they are pretty cool looking birds.

That wooden bridge on Islas Ballestas, Peru

We also learned about the importance of the guano (bird droppings) found on the islands. If this wooden bridge looks a little odd it’s because it’s only intended for use by the guano collectors who scour the islands every 11 years. Due to its richness in minerals like nitrate, phosphorous and carbon, guano makes a great fertilizer and its often used in agriculture. Our guide was explaining that the bird droppings on this islands have actually been used to pay off Peru’s international debt – you’ve got to appreciate the humour in that!

Hidden coves in Islas Ballestas, Peru

Tips for visiting Islas Ballestas:

  • If you get seasick, consider taking some motion sickness pills. Even though the sea wasn’t particularly choppy on the day I visited, the starting-stopping motion made me a little queasy, as did the exhaust fumes coming from the boat every time we started up the engine again.
  • Bring a hat and wear sunblock. There won’t be much in terms of shade on the way to the island, or even once you reach the island.
  • Choose any seat near the back. Don’t worry about being on the right-hand side or the left-hand side of the boat to get the best shot. Our captain was quite diplomatic and made sure to approach the island from both sides so that everyone could get a good view regardless of where they were seated. There are slightly raised windows to shield you from the wind towards the front of the boat (these don’t necessarily impede your view), but the back is better for photography.
  • Bring your telephoto lens! If you want to get some good shots of the animals, it’s worth hauling this lens along. I brought a small point-and-shoot and while I walked away with some cool shots, I couldn’t really capture any of the birds. If you really want to capture the wildlife, you’re going to need something a bit more powerful than what I had.
  • Bring a set of binoculars. Lastly, if you’re really into wildlife spotting, it might even be worth brining a set of binoculars to really admire the finer details…otherwise you’ll just be looking at a cliff dotted with hundreds of birds.


There are 2 different costs associated with visiting Islas Ballestas; the first is the transportation fee and the second is the fee you pay for entering the national conservation area. The 2 hour tour I took cost 40 soles per person ($13 USD) and the national conservation fee was an additional 10 soles ($3 USD). Not a bad deal if you ask me.

Getting there

Islas Ballestas can either be done as a day trip or a weekend trip from Lima. I did the latter and spent the weekend visiting Paracas, Ica and Huacachina. I drove down with my relatives along the South Pan American Highway and it took us about 3 hours to get there. If you’re taking a bus from Lima to Paracas it can take anywhere between 3.5 to 4 hours and buses leave throughout the day.

Join the Conversation


  1. says: Sam

    Wow, it looks so different with blue skies and sunshine! I visited Paracas in August 2013, which is of course winter, and it was cold, grey and cloudy the whole time, so it wasn’t really that enjoyable. Looks like it’d be worth another visit in Peruvian summer, for sure.

    1. says: Audrey

      Blue skies and a little bit of sunshine can make the trip. There have been a few foggy/overcast days here in Lima, but thankfully we’re still enjoying the very tail end of summer.

  2. says: Zascha

    Good thing you’re not allowed to set foot on there, because if I had gone on that trip, I would have brought a penguin home with me. They’re so cute! 🙂

    1. says: Audrey

      I hadn’t heard of it during my previous trips to Peru either, so it was nice discovering some new places. 🙂

  3. says: Justine

    I think it’s good that they don’t let tourists actually go onto the islands. By the looks of it it seems like it wouldn’t be the best idea for people to interact with the animals. I’ve actually never seen penguins in the wild, so whenever I do finally go to Peru this place is definitely on my list of places to visit. I bet penguins are the best things EVER to observe in the wild. All of those sea lion pups are pretty amazing too 🙂

    1. says: Audrey

      You’re right. I think it would scare a lot of the wildlife away…I also wouldn’t want to come face to face with a sea lion. Their loud barking was enough for me to keep my distance.

  4. says: Susie

    The colors and textures of this location are stunning! It’s so interesting to see penguins in an environment that looks more like a rocky mountain.

    1. says: Audrey

      It’s a lot rockier than I imagined it would be. There isn’t a lot of vegetation on the islands, so it’s interesting to see animals still making this place their home.

    1. says: Audrey

      Hi Brad, I’m actually here completing a teaching practicum and visiting family, so I won’t be able to this time around. But thank you for the kind invitation! 🙂

    1. says: Audrey

      It was cool seeing the penguins. I always envisioned them in cooler climates, but they were just enjoying the summer weather and hanging out the island. 🙂

  5. Poop paying international debt? Who’d have every guessed that! Great little factoid. And thanks for sharing about the sunfish – I’ve also never heard about it before. In all I’ve heard of Lima I’ve never heard of the Islas Ballestas so thanks for sharing.

    1. says: Audrey

      I had to laugh out loud when our tour guide told us that! I guess they’ve got to use the resources they have and guano is one of them… 😉

  6. says: Don

    so why are the Islas Ballestas nothing compared to the Galapagos Islands? It seems like there was a pretty diverse amount of wildlife there, except maybe the only bad thing is that you can’t step foot on the island.

    1. says: Audrey

      Hi Don, the reason they call the Islas Ballestas “the poor man’s Galapagos” is because they are quite small and they are very rocky. There’s hardly any vegetation on them and while you do get to see some wildlife up close, the diversity isn’t what you’d find somewhere like the Galapagos. You won’t spot giant tortoises, blue footed boobies, or albatross in Ballestas. That being said, I got to see some cool species that I had never seen up close before! 🙂

    1. says: Audrey

      I thought the same thing when we were approaching, Heather! It took my eyes a few seconds to refocus and see that those weren’t rocks!!

  7. says: Angel Mendez

    Wow, beautiful photos, and it sounds super relaxing! I’ll certainly add it to my list! Platypus at Eungella National Park

  8. says: Ashley

    What an amazing wildlife experience! I love penguins… but those starfish things were awesome. And what a helpful article too! I hope to make it there someday for sure!


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